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Mesothelioma Lung Cancer

Mesothelioma is a cancer that attacks the mesothelium, i.e. a thin layer of tissue surrounding most organs. Some organs have mesothelium, among others the lungs (pleura), stomach (abdomen), the heart (pericardial), and testikel (tunica vaginalis). This cancer belongs to the aggressive and many of its victims are not successfully alleviated.

Mesothelioma Lung Cancer

Mesothelioma most commonly attacks the mesothelium of the lungs (called pleural mesothelioma) and chest wall. This type of mesothelioma is another more rare is peritoneal mesothelioma, mesothelium invade the abdominal cavity. Mesothelioma mesothelioma is benign conditions in contrast to the chest which is also called solitary fibrous tumor with.

Causes Of Mesothelioma

Cancer that attacks the body\'s organs originated from a mutation that causes cells to grow into uncontrolled until then doubled. Experts are still unable to ascertain the cause of the mutation in this cell. However, the interaction between life style, condition and environmental derivatives allegedly can be factors trigger cancer.

Although the exact cause of mesothelioma is not yet known, the main risk factors of mesothelioma is asbestos. The disease is classified as rare before the use of asbestos commercially began. Asbestos is a mineral that is used as an ingredient to make the brake, floor, roof, and baffle.

Dust asbestos are inhaled or ingested will accumulate in the lungs and the stomach for a long time, usually around 20-50 years before eventually developed into mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is also diagnosed more often in men than women, and a person older than 65 years.

Some other factors that can trigger the disease, namely:

Environmental soil contain asbestos.

Live in the area or live with someone who has a job associated with exposure to Asbestos can stick well on skin and clothing so that it can carry asbestos fibres into the home or other environments.
Once exposed to asbestos or have family members who suffer from mesothelioma.

Symptoms Of Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma symptoms can vary based on the location of the cancer cells are located. Pericardial mesothelioma may cause chest pain and difficulty breathing, while mesothelioma tunica vaginalis will show symptoms in the form of swelling in testikel.
Pleural mesothelioma have symptoms as follows:

Cough accompanied by pain that is not overwhelming.

  • The breath is short due to the buildup of fluid in the chest.
  • Unusual lumps on the network behind the skin of the chest.
  • Weight loss without a clear reason.
  • Often beset by excessive fatigue.
  • Fever accompanied by sweating, especially at night.
  • The fingertips swell.
  • Chest pain that is felt in the lower ribs.

Peritoneal Mesothelioma has the following symptoms:

  • Pain in the abdominal area.
  • There are bumps on the belly chain.
  • Swelling in the abdominal area.
  • Weight loss without cause.
  • Diarrhea or constipation.

Considering the symptoms of mesothelioma are non-specific and can be associated with other conditions, then we recommend that you immediately meet the doctor so the feel of the above symptoms especially if there is a history of exposure to asbestos.

Mesothelioma Diagnosis

The examination will be preceded by the anamnesa of the symptoms suffered, personal and family medical history. Anamnesa is a conversation conducted by doctors to patients directly as a way of obtaining data about medical conditions and problems that are being experienced by the patient. In addition to anamnesa, the doctor will perform a physical examination to check for the presence of lumps or abnormal signs more.

Next the doctor may be instructed to do the checks as part of supporting the efforts of the diagnosis of the disease. The General examination is performed to diagnose mesothelioma, include x-rays to check if there are any abnormalities in the breast and a CT scan to check for chest and stomach area.

A biopsy or other tests may also be conducted to determine what caused the disease symptoms appear. A biopsy is an examination of the laboratory against a small number of networks that can be taken from different parts of the body, depending upon the location of the disease suffered. The network is then examined in a laboratory to find out what types of cells causes abnormalities, as well as knowing the type of cancer. As for some kind of a biopsy may be recommended for a mesothelioma diagnosis process, namely:

Biopsy using a fine needle to pull the small sample network or fluid from the chest or abdomen.
Laparoscopy with Biopsy – how to make a small incision on the abdominal area to pick up the network. This procedure is assisted with the operation as well as a very small camera.
Laparotomi – Biopsy by way of dissecting the open abdomen to retrieve the network that will be examined will be the existence of the disease or other disorders.

Torakoskopi or VATS (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery) – Biopsy with how to make a small incision between the ribs to insert a camera and small operations into the chest cavity and take a small sample of tissue that will checked.

Torakotomi – Biopsy by means of dissected an area in between the ribs to check out the area, if there are signs of illness and take an example network if necessary.

After the diagnosis, the doctor will do a test next against the patient\'s body, such as the MRI Imaging tests and mapping PET, to know the stage of the disease and the treatment measures can be taken. There are four levels (stage) on pleural mesothelioma stages, while the spread on other types of mesothelioma are more rare still is not known with certainty. The four stages of mesothelioma pleural consists of:

  • Stage I – the condition of cancer still is local, i.e. only within one area on one layer of chest.
  • Stage II – the cancer has spread outside the chest area of the lungs or diaphragm.
  • Stage III – the cancer has spread to other areas that are in the chest or have invaded nearby lymph nodes. Some of the location of lymph nodes in humans is in the neck, armpits, and groin, around
  • Phase IV – advanced-stage Cancer that has spread to the entire chest or other body areas, such as the brain and heart.

Complications Of Mesothelioma

These are the complications of pleural mesothelioma that has spread to the chest and caused him distress structures on the infected area.

  • Pain in the chest area.
  • Pain caused by pressure on a nerve and spinal cord.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Hard to swallow
  • A buildup of fluid in the chest that suppress lung and complicate the process of breathing

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Pemberitahuan !!! :
Sumber soal berasal dari buku siswa kurikulum 2013 kelas 123456 semester 1 dan semester 2. buku revisi 2017 dan 2018. kunci jawaban hasil rangkuman pribadi dan berbagai sumber terkait.
Terimakasih Sudah Memilih sebagai referensi belajar dan materi gratis untuk siswa dirumah/daring.
Silahkan mengutip kunci jawaban ini, jangan lupa sertakan sumber ya kak ^-^